Frequently asked questions

What is cotton?

Cotton is a natural fibre and is used in a wide variety of clothing and home furnishings. Cotton is easily washed and/or dry cleaned. Cotton is a good strong fabric that is absorbent, and easy to work with. Cotton has a tendency to wrinkle very easily, so cotton/polyester blends began to be popular. Many people prefer the year-round "breathing" and lack of pilling of 100% cotton.

What is polyester/cotton?

Polyester/cotton has a mixed fibre composition. 65% polyester/35% cotton is used very often. Other percentages are available as well. It is very soft yet easy to care. Machine washable (65°C), no ironing, or only cool iron needed. Excellent for all kinds of garments: limited shrinkage, lower moisture absorption, resistance to wear, long lifetime.

What is cotton/polyester?

Cotton/polyester is a mixed fibre composition (very often 65%/35%) that combines both positive features as much as possible. Cotton/polyester stands for comfortable clothing: comfortable to wear, large moisture absorption, machine washable (60°C), longwearing, crease-resistant with limited shrinkage.

What is Beaver/Nylon?

Beaver/Nylon consists of 50% cotton and 50% nylon (polyamid). The cotton is on the inside, the nylon on the outside. This results in:

  • A smooth surface: dirt-repellent
  • Optimal colour retention
  • Water-repellent
  • Strength and durability
What is Lava Pro?

Lava Pro is a technical fibre built around the Lenzing FR fibre. Lenzing FR is a specialty viscose fibre. The abbreviation FR stands for „flame resistant“. Lenzing FR is a natural fibre derived from wood. It offers protection from heat and flame in a variety of different applications. Unique thermal insulation properties combined with permanent flame resistance make Lenzing FR a „Heat Protection Fibre“. It offers protection from all kinds of heat and its functional properties help to prevent heat stress and heat stroke.

What is Proban, Pyrovatex clothing?

Proban chemical is a flame-retardant treatment applied to fabrics of 100% Cotton. This process meets Canadian Standards 4GP2-27.1 for flammability performance relevant to industrial clothing. When flame comes into contact with Proban chemical treated cotton, it forms a strong, localized, solid char which immediately insulated the wearer from the heat of the flame. Independent testing and customer experience has shown that the efficacy of Proban chemical treated cotton remains after 25 - 35 washings under standard wash temperatures of 60 C, or with dry cleaning. Proban chemical treated cotton retains all the essential comfort factors (such as air permeability and moisture transmission) of natural cotton. Pyrovatex and Tiprobatex are also flame-retardant.

What is Nomex?

Nomex is the brand name of a flame retardant meta-aramid material marketed and first discovered by DuPont in the 1970s. It is sold in both fibre and sheet forms and is used as a fabric wherever resistance from heat and flame is required. Both the fire fighting and vehicle racing industries use Nomex to create clothing and equipment that can stand up to intense heat. It is the meta variant of the para-aramid Kevlar.

What is Cordura?

Cordura fabric is a collection of fabrics for use in a wide array of products from luggage and backpacks to boots, military wear and performance apparel. Cordura brand fabrics are recognized for their long-lasting durability and resistance to abrasions, tears and scuffs.From the classic air-jet textured nylon fabrics to today's ultra light weight nylon and high tenacity polyester fabrics, Cordura fabrics are available in a wide range of fabric constructions, weights and textures.

What is Lorica?

Lorica is exceptionally soft, supple Microfibre synthetic leather that is designed to have the feel of high end-leather without any of leather’s drawbacks. Lorica is water-repellent, quick drying, and breathable. It resists tearing, splitting, scratching as well as deterioration from stretching or rot.

What is Sympatex?

Sympatexis a type of fabric that is branded as waterproof with "breathable" fabrics. The fabric features a waterproof, windproof and breathable membrane that is laminated to fabrics either on its inner surface or sandwiched between two fabric layers (often marketed as "3 layer laminate"). The latter system offers greater durability, by better protecting the integrity of the Sympatex layer from abrasion to both the outside and the inside of the garment.

What is Goretex?

Gore-Tex fabric is the trademark name for a synthetic, waterproof and breathable material used in outdoor clothing and equipment. Outerwear and equipment made from Gore-Tex fabric keeps a person dry while allowing perspiration to wick away from his body. Gore-Tex fabric is made of a trademarked membrane that contains over 9 billion pores. The pores are 20,000 times smaller than a drop of water, preventing water from penetrating from the outside. Moisture can pass through from the inside since the pores are 700 times larger than a molecule of moisture vapor. The membrane contains a substance that prevents body oils and insect repellant from penetrating it. Gore-Tex fabrics are durable and easy to care for.

What is Coolmax?

Coolmax is a high tech fabric specifically and uniquely engineered to keep users dry and comfortable.
Coolmax fabrics are made from specially engineered polyester fibres from ADVANSA with an increased surface area. This special four-channel or six-channel fibre forms a transport system that pulls moisture away from the skin to the outer layer of the fabric. It then dries that moisture faster than other fabrics to thermoregulate the body by evaporative cooling.

What is Tactel?

Throughout the global textile industry, the Tactel fibre is well known and valued for its wide range of benefits. A dynamic, specialty fibre, Tactel fibre creates garments that are soft, supplely smooth, breathable and lightweight.According to rigid testing, the fibre is at least twice as soft and 20 percent lighter than most other fibres. It also dries eight times faster than cotton. In addition to being soft and lightweight, the Tactel fibre is strong. It enables the production of fabrics that are three times as strong as those made with natural fibres.  

What is Outlast?

Outlast technology is the original temperature-regulating technology. Outlast® fabrics, fibres and coatings are ingredients found in everyday products and high performance gear. Outlast materials balance your temperature through the use of patented microencapsulated Thermocules that absorb and store excess heat, releasing it when you need it most. Outlast materials continuously adapt to your changing thermal needs. In effect, Outlast materials balance your temperature by reducing overheating and therefore perspiration, resulting in less chill and more comfort.

What is Thermolite?

Thermolite provides warmth and comfort without weight, even when wet.  It´s the lightweight fabric that provides heavy duty performance, made with ADVANSA engineered hollow-core fibres that trap air for greater insulation.  It dries 20% faster than other insulating fabrics and 50% faster than cotton.  Gloves containing Thermolite are the perfect layering glove as it´s comfortable and lightweight, allowing more freedom of movement.

What is Acryl?

Acrylic fabric is a type of fabric made from acrylic fibres. Acrylic fabric is used widely in knits, as upholstery covering, and the fibres may be woven to make rugs. People often think of acrylic fabric as an excellent wool substitute, and certain forms of it are exceptionally soft, while remaining lightweight. Minglings:

  • Acryl + wool: easy maintenance
  • Acryl + cotton: dries faster and is more stable
  • Acryl + viscose: dries faster and is more stable
What is Lycra?

Lycra is a synthetic fibre with exceptional elasticity and is stronger and more durable than rubber. Lycra is considered an elastomeric fibre, one that can be stretched and expanded to twice its original length. Lycra may be stretched repeatedly and still recover its original length. It is lightweight, abrasion-resistant, easily dyed, comfortable, soft and smooth.

What is Polyamid?

Polyamide is a material that is a part of the meta-aramide family. By its nature, this material is not flammable, and this is a property that does not change. The chemical structure of this material contains a high proportion of aromatic structures and combined double bonds. This material is most commonly found is creating heat and fire protective clothing, but a new use in the filtration field has been developed. This is a smooth surfaced fibre material that has a cross section that is almost circular. This fabric also has a very high abrasion resistance, along with a thermal conductivity that it very low when compared to other materials.

What is Elastane?

Elastaneis a synthetic fibre known for its exceptional elasticity. It is often used in combination with polyamid to offer optimal comfort and fit.

What is Cambrelle?

Cambrelle Is a superior non-woven synthetic fabric used primarily as a lining for shoes, boots and slippers. The technologies that went into developing Cambrelle are complex. With patented fibre, Cambrelle is specially engineered through a process which spins two types of nylon together. The fibre is melded into a non-woven fabric which features an extremely high absorption rate, excellent breathability and resistance to odor, abrasion and pilling for strength and durability

What is Mesh?

Lining from skin-friendly 3D-Mesh polyester yarns with a honeycomb structure for optimal ventilation. Moisture absorbing and quick-drying for optimal foot comfort.

What are antistatic shoes?

Antistatic: the dissipation of the electrostatic tension must take place between the foot and the ground. In order to guarantee the antistatic effect, it should be between 100kΩ and 1.000 MΩ.

What are ESD shoes?

ESD stands for Electrostatic Dissipative footwear. ESD footwear absorbs and neutralizes static electricity by absorbing loose electrons and sending them into the floor and is commonly worn in environments such as computer manufacturing. The Electrostatic Dissipative shoe regulates the accumulation of electrical charge within the wearer's body and also reduces the risk of static shock to both the wearer and the computer product. ESD footwear marked with the "SD" icon meet the ASTM standards. ESD shoes are also made in a variety of styles depending on the wearer's preference and needs.

What are S1 shoes?

An S1 shoe is just one level above a standard safety boot or work boot. S1 class shoes have a high resistance to abrasions, steel toes and are non-slip. They also have energy absorption in the soles which can prevent injuries caused by short falls or hard impacts with the ground. This class of shoe is also required to be resistant to contact heat. In addition to all of this, S1 shoes have antistatic protection which can help to prevent static sparks.

S1 safety shoesare idea for jobs which involve the handling of flammable chemicals or gases that could be ignited with an electrostatic spark. Manufacturing and factory work fall into this category.

What are S2 shoes?

S2 shoes provide all of the protection of an S1 shoe, but are also waterproof. S2 class shoes are ideal for occupations where the worker must move through pools of water or chemicals. These shoes are appropriate for jobs such as outdoor maintenance, landscaping or some construction.

What are S3 shoes?

S3 shoesinclude all of the protections that are available in S1 and S2 shoes, but include the addition of a strong nail plate in the sole. This nail plate is designed to prevent injuries that may result from the shoe being punctured from the bottom. This shoe is designed for heavy construction work, demolition work and any occupation which requires movement across dangerous debris or terrain.

What are S4 and S5 shoes?

S4 and S5 safety shoes are identical to S1 and S3 class shoes respectively, but are made from polymers like rubber. S1 through S3 class shoes are made from non-polymers such as leather. S2 class shoes have no corresponding polymer designation because waterproofing is a basic requirement of a polymer shoe.

Safety Ratings
SB Safety Basic, 200 joules toe protection
SBP As Safety Basic, but with Steel Midsole
S1 200 joules toe protection; Anti-static properties; Energy Absorbing Sole
S2 As S1, but with Water resistant uppers
S3 As S2, but with Penetration Resistant Sole
S4 200 joule toe protection; all Rubber (or polymeric) outer; Energy Absorbing Sole
S5 As S4, but with Penetration Resistant Sole
English shoe sizes – French shoe sizes?
English shoe sizes French shoe sizes
6 39
7 41
8 42
9 43
10 44
11 45
11½ 46
12 47